#LAYUP

Digital thread vs. digital twin

This is an online sidebar for the July 2020 article, “Composites 4.0: Digital transformation, adaptive production, new paradigms”. When I first discussed these concepts in 2016, they were still somewhat nascent in composites.

Cutting/Kitting

Augmented reality system facilitates FRP component preforming

The software makes exact alignment and position of materials directly visible on the component.

ATL/AFP

Narrow UD tapes to bridge the ATL-AFP gap

Automated tape laying and automated fiber placement are similar, but not the same. Can narrow tapes provide a middle ground with advantages of both processes for next-gen aircraft?

Design/Simulation

Composites 4.0: Architecture and ontology

Adaptive systems, IoT platforms and apps, the need for 4.0 standardization and a new way to develop and certify composite aerostructures.

Aerospace

No business case for reteaching robots

DLR Center for Lightweight Production Technology has developed an AI-equipped work cell where collaborative robots can switch from producing composite rear pressure bulkheads to fuselage panels without requiring reprogramming or retraining.

ATL/AFP

ZAero project update

The 2019 final review demonstrated integration of an automated CFRP process chain: AFP inline inspection and rework, cure and resin flow sensors, part performance prediction and a decision support tool for line operators.

Pultrusion

Plasan North America expands composite manufacturing solutions

The company plans to expand and invest in automated cutting technology to go with established prepregging, pultrusion and autoclave cure expertise.

Design/Simulation

Composites 4.0: Digital transformation, adaptive production, new paradigms

An evolving landscape of automation, sensors and AI software is not an end, but a means to achieve the cost, quality, efficiency and agility required for future manufacturing.  

Automotive

The untapped potential in Formula 1 composite manufacture

Formula 1’s midfield teams are struggling to bridge the gap to their better resourced frontrunning counterparts. Could Industry 4.0 composites manufacturing automation level the playing field?

Processes

Glossary

Glossary of composites terms

Automotive

Racing to build tomorrow’s automotive composites workforce

Recent graduates share experiences gained from collegiate automotive design, engineering and motorsport competition Formula SAE.

Automotive

Ascent Aerospace invests in large-format AM machine

The LFAM machine will enable fabrication and delivery of production-ready fixtures and molds at significantly reduced lead-times. 

Automotive

Toray TC346 prepreg earns flame-retardancy certifications

Toray TC346 prepreg resin system offers high compression strength, interlaminar shear strength and more for the automotive and motorsport markets. 

Design/Simulation

Coriolis Composites and Edixia develop inline inspection for AFP

Video and discussion of how the sensor and software operate to boost composites productivity

Additive Manufacturing

Hyperjoint: additive metal + composites = stronger, tougher joints

Eliminates drilling holes with lap shear 60% higher than bolted joints and almost twice that of bonded joints.

Aerospace

SME recognizes leaders in aerospace and defense manufacturing

Boeing technical fellow Kurtis Willden, Aligned Vision and the Boeing Co. received 2020 Excellence in Composites Manufacturing Awards.

Defense

Brazilian composites sector shows third consecutive year of growth

Maxiquim’s recent study notes that the transportation and electric sectors are responsible for $560 million in revenue.

Fabrics/Preforms

Revolutionizing the composites cost paradigm, Part 2: Forming

Boeing-led parts trials explore infusion, compression molding and thermoplastics, offering lessons and supply chain options to better compete with aluminum.

Fabrics/Preforms

RAPM development with PtFS

Boeing-led program explores rapid part cycles using automated, 180-channel thermal control molding cell for infusion, thermoset prepreg and thermoplastic composites.

Design/Simulation

9T Labs, Arkema present new manufacturing approach for small aerospace parts

The companies demonstrate cost-competitive series production of structural composite parts using carbon fiber/PEKK materials and additive manufacturing.

Manufacturing the complex geometry parts of RAPM

Boeing-led program explores simulation, tooling, preforming and molding approaches to lower composites part cost.

Aerospace

Novel prepreg for compression molding in RAPM

Solvay and Boeing combine aerospace performance with process knowledge for high-rate, low-cost composites production.

Epoxies

Park Aerospace Corp. introduces mid-toughened epoxy resin system

The E-752-MTS mid-toughened 350°F (177°C) cure epoxy system is designed for primary and secondary aircraft structure applications.

Design/Simulation

Developing new solutions for noise, vibration and harshness

Several recent IACMI partner projects focus on technology innovation related to challenges in noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) in vehicle design.