New Renault Clio features first all-thermoplastic lift gate on commercial vehicle

Renault's new Clio features an all-thermoplastic, mono-material lift-gate molded in three parts using Styron's INSPIRE long-glass fiber polypropylene resin system.

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Styron (Berwyn, Pa.), a global materials company and manufacturer of plastics, latex and rubber, on Sept. 27 unveiled the first all-thermoplastic, mono-material lift-gate ever produced in series on a commercial vehicle, featured in the new Renault Clio. The lift-gate features Styron's INSPIRE long-glass fiber polypropylene resin.

Renault approached Styron to collaborate on producing a new lift-gate for the new Renault Clio that would not only target a weight reduction of 10 percent, but would also be easily recyclable.
Styron says it played an important role from concept development to production of the final part:
Whereas both teams collaborated closely in the engineering phase to design the right structural part of the lift-gate, Styron also brought in its expertise in the material development implementation phase to select and test the materials required to fulfill the specific requirements for a lift-gate. To achieve this, extensive process simulation was conducted at Styron’s global Application Engineering & Design Centre (AEDC).

After a two-year development project with Styron, Renault is now launching the Renault Clio with a thermoplastic lift-gate made with Styron’s material solutions. The lift-gate is manufactured in thermoplastic from three separate parts.

“The automotive industry has been looking for alternatives to steel for lift-gates for many years. Weight savings, styling freedom and function integration are the main objectives,” says Marjolein Groeneweg, marketing manager Styron Automotive. “With this innovative concept jointly developed by Renault and our R&D department, the French car manufacturer not only contributes to weight reduction for optimal fuel efficiency but also responds to waste management recycling guidelines promoting recyclability without disassembly. Knowing that the base polymer of the lift-gate solution is the same, the part can be easily recycled and used in other future applications.”

Initially, Styron Automotive supported Renault in the engineering phase with process simulations to obtain the right concept for developing a thermoplastic lift-gate. A lift-gate is a complex application for several reasons: It needs to fit perfectly on to the car and has numerous functions that need to be hidden (such as the hinges and the closing mechanism). Additionally, it is subjected to many external conditions such as exposure to high/low temperature in humid environment that can cause deformation issues and must then be addressed to guarantee water tightness. To help improve impact resistance, expansion and durability of the structural part of the lift-gate, Styron’s engineers introduced INSPIRE long-glass fiber polypropylene (LGFPP) resin to meet such requirements. By increasing the glass content of the molding material, the part is able to gain improved stiffness and toughness.

In addition, Styron also supported Renault in optimizing the tool design for itsw machine and specifically supported the company by selecting the appropriate plasticizing screw to maintain the required fiber length after molding the lift-gate. Choosing a material composition and manufacturing process that achieves the desired glass fiber length distribution is critical to meeting the specific performance requirements of Renault’s lift-gate.

Berend Hoek, application engineering & development at Styron Automotive, adds: “Renault had initially approached us to support them with the concept development of the new lift-gate. They had seen our engineering capabilities at work for the structure development for the front end carrier of the VW Golf using LGFPP. This exterior application was confronted with similar complexity issues in design as well as production process: it consisted of different metal and thermoplastic parts that had to be assembled into a single application.”

The final lift-gate design consists of three parts:

  • The inner skin is injection molded using a talc-filled polypropylene compound from Styron and connects to the structural part.
  • The structural part is produced with LGFPP concentrate developed by Styron. This concentrate is diluted directly on the molding machine with appropriate PP copolymer resin through direct dry-blend.
  • The outer skin is made with Styron’s INSPIRE At-Press talc masterbatch concept, which injection molds through blending of the different components (polypropylene impact copolymer, specifically designed 70 percent talc masterbatch and the required color concentrate), allowing for a tailored mechanical performance to meet the OEM specific application requirements.