The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA, Washington, D.C.) announced in its annual report that the U.S. wind energy industry is expanding as established industry leaders maintain their top position and manufacturing continues to grow, albeit at a slower rate than in 2008.
"Jobs, business opportunities, clean air, energy securityówind power is delivering today on all those fronts for Americans," said AWEA CEO Denise Bode. "Our annual report documents an industry hard at work and on the verge of explosive growth if the right policiesóincluding a national Renewable Electricity Standard (RES) -- are put in place. A national RES will provide the long-term certainty that businesses need to invest tens of billions of dollars in new installations and manufacturing facilities which would create hundreds of thousands of American jobs.î
Highlights from the report include:
• The U.S. wind energy industry installed more than 10,000 MW of new wind power generating capacity in 2009, the largest year in U.S. history, and enough to power the equivalent of 2.4 million homes or generate as much electricity as three large nuclear power plants.
• In industry rankings, GE Energy remained number one in U.S. wind turbine sales; NextEra Energy Resources continued to lead in wind farm ownership; and Xcel Energy continued to lead utilities in wind power usage. At the same time, however, more companies are now active in each of these areas, showing that the wind energy market is diversifying as it expands.
• There are 36 states that have utility-scale wind projects, and 14 states are in the "Gigawatt Club" with more than 1,000 MW of installed wind capacity.
• In state rankings, Iowa leads in terms of percentage of electricity from wind power, getting 14 percent of its power from the wind, and also leads in largest number of jobs in the manufacturing sector. Texas consolidated its lead in wind capacity and in largest wind farms installed.
• The report's section on manufacturing shows that in spite of a slowdown in wind turbine manufacturing in 2009 compared to 2008, 10 new manufacturing facilities came online in the U.S. last year, 20 were announced, and nine facilities were expanded. The largest category was wind turbine sub-components, such as bearings, electrical components and hydraulic systems. In all, the U.S. wind energy industry opened, announced or expanded over 100 facilities in the past three years (2007- 2009), bringing the total of wind turbine component manufacturing facilities now operating in the U.S. to over 200.
• All 50 states have jobs in the wind industry.
• Approximately 85,000 people are employed in the wind industry today and hold jobs in areas as varied as turbine component manufacturing, construction and installation of wind turbines, wind turbine operations and maintenance, legal and marketing services, transportation and logistical services, and more.
• To ensure a skilled workforce across the wind energy industry, 205 educational programs now offer a certificate, degree or coursework related to wind energy. Of these 205 programs, the largest segments are university and college programs (45 percent) and community colleges or technical school programs (43 percent).
• Despite the economic downturn, the demand for small wind systems for residential and small business use (rated capacity of 100 kW or less) grew 15 percent in 2009, adding 20 MW of generating capacity to the nation. Seven small wind turbine manufacturing facilities were opened, announced or expanded in 2009.
• Offshore wind power is gaining momentum in the U.S. The report lists seven projects with significant progress in the planning, permitting and testing process. Both the federal government and several states established significant milestones in 2009 to encourage offshore wind power development.
• America's wind power fleet of 35,000 MW will avoid an estimated 62 million tons of carbon dioxide annually, equivalent to taking 10.5 million cars off the road.
• Americaís wind power fleet will conserve approximately 20 billion gallons of water annually that would otherwise be lost to evaporation from steam of cooling in conventional power plants.