Airbus reports that it has begun production of the new A350 XWB wide-body commercial airplane in Germany. The green light was jointly given at the company’s production plant in Stade by Airbus president and CEO Tom Enders, executive vice president operations and chairman of the board of Management Airbus Germany Gerald Weber, and Parliamentary State Secretary and German government aerospace coordinator Peter Hintze.
The first German component, the upper wing shell, measures almost 32m by 6m (105 ft by 19.7 ft) and is the largest integrated component ever to be built by Airbus from carbon fiber composites.
“The A350 XWB sets new benchmarks for the aviation industry and passengers. Advanced materials make the new Airbus the most economical and environment-friendly aircraft in its class. We are also applying these new standards to our production with facilities and machinery operating to the highest technology and quality standards. Thanks to this leading-edge production process, we are able to achieve a very high efficiency,” says Tom Enders.
The upper wing shells will be built using advanced production processes at the 30,000m²/322,917 ft² production hangars in Stade. For the first time, automated tape laying (ATL) technology will be used not only for the carbon fiber, but also for the lightning strike protection and fibreglass components. The wing shell, measuring 31.6m by 5.6m (104 ft by 18.4 ft), will then undergo polymerisation in an autoclave, which can accommodate two wing shells simultaneously.
In addition to laying the wing skin panels, the plant also produces the stringers. In order to produce these components Airbus has for the first time set up a flow line production system that measures 140m/459 ft in length.
Other innovations include an entirely new quality control system that permits inspection of the external and internal surfaces of CFRP components of that size simultaneously. The advanced plant also boasts the use of waterjet technology for edge trimming and a high-precision automated conveyance system in the production hall for large components.
In addition to producing the upper wing shells for the A350 XWB, the Airbus Stade plant builds the vertical tailplane and, for the first time, carbon fiber composite fuselage shells. Approximately 100 employees will work in A350 XWB production by the end of 2010. This figure is expected to rise to around 500 when production reaches full capacity.
The Stade plant also has its own dedicated combined heat and power unit. This unit not only generates electricity and heat for the hangars, but emissions are used as inert gas for the autoclave and ensure fire protection. This means energy exploitation of the power unit is 100 percent.
Airbus currently has 528 confirmed orders for the A350 XWB. With an airframe made of 53 percent lightweight carbon fiber composites, the aircraft has enormous fuel-saving potential. Final assembly of the A350-900 is scheduled to start in 2011, with first delivery expected in 2013.
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